During the Spanish transition, new forms of popular music that were able to maintain an ambivalent relationship of conflict with the official culture were born. Among these, «gypsy rock» is one of the most renowned, especially after the albums by the band Pata Negra were issued. This article tries to set the analytical and critical basis to reconsider gypsy rock under the wider perspective of the historical relationship between gypsy culture and the Spanish state. «Gypsy rock» is used here as a reference to understand broader issues such as national identity, subordination and cultural criticism. The gypsy issue discusses the national identity issue in the context of interculturality, which not only relates very different ethnic traditions but also antagonistic social positions that challenge the hegemony in a politically delicate period. The critical element of the historical context is also resignified critically in the lyrics and songs that are being analysed in this article.
Popular Music, Gipsy Rock, State, Memory, subalternity